SPACES : Les Halles and Beaubourg

Forum Des Halles, St. Eustache, Bourse de Commerce, and the Center George Pompidou are some interesting landmarks that we can find in the two regions. An interesting and unique architecture became an attraction that distinguishes this region with other areas in Paris. A merger between medieval architecture with the modern architecture of the Forum Des Halles and the Pompidou Center George bring different colors for this area.

Forum des Halles and the Pompidou Center George is also one of nodes or a meeting point in the region besides Fountain Des Innocent and Chatelet-Les Halles which is below ground level. The four locations are the places where it can be found a variety of community activities and the central of the people movement. As the Beaubourg, Les Halles and the two regions is quite different where Les Halles are more likely on trade and services while the Beaubourg more heading into open space and art purpose. But as already mentioned earlier, both areas are difficult to split apart not only because of its proximity but also because of the interconnectedness of history and activity.

The Boulevard de Sébastopol is the border that split both areas visually. It is one of the main streets of Paris which was not closed by the City Government of Paris and still allows motor vehicle for passing by. Zebra cross location is used to provide for the people that want to move towards the two region. While the two main roads that connects directly between the Beaubourg and Les Halles is the Berger and Rambuteau street which can also be categorized as a path.

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Wide pedestrian ways provided for pedestrians in those two regions. Some roads are deliberately closed to increase the comfort of people activity. The shops along the pedestrian with the addition of the typical architecture of Paris add to the visual pleasure of walking. Unfortunately this comfort is slightly disturbed when there is a lot of dung found in some parts of the road. Paris community habit of bringing a pet walking is a major cause of this discomfort.

As the location of open space and community gathering makes some additional facilities tried to add by the local government including chairs, garden lightning, unique iron gates as well as several fountains and sculptures. Unfortunately most of the aesthetics of the park was under renovation when the research was conducted. Some of the old buildings are maintained as an effort to increase the aesthetic visual. Unfortunately not many of Paris citizren do some activities around Bourse de Commerce and St. Eustache. Lack of caring and promotion also makes these two beautiful buildings less well known among tourists. Lack of concern from the community and the local government in cleaning matter become the weakness of the area aesthetic. If this weakness can be overcome by a variety of new innovation surely Les Halles may be a convenient location for the public good to just hanging out or shopping.


Paris Les Halles and Transportation


Les Halles was the location of the center city transport that provides more than five train lines. The number of lines that provided brings Chatelet-Les Halles became the busiest station in Paris. The station is most crowded during the times of departure and got off work at 08.00-10.00 and 16.00-19.00. During this hour many people moving together toward each destination.

These movements bring a huge impact on the development of the surrounding area, supported with the existence of a various facilities that are provided for the Paris citizen. These facilities include large shopping mall named Forum Des Halles, city parks, as well as pedestrian ways are equipped with an extensive range of shops with typical Parisian architecture of the middle ages. The existence of these facilities form the function tends towards trade and services. As well as the main activities that dominated by trading activity and recreation.

The movement is an important element in the development of a particular area especially for trade services. A large movement towards the location indicates the area accessibility and Les Halles is one of the locations in Paris that have a high level of accessibility, not only for private car but also the accessibility of vehicle access from public transport in the presence of Chatelet-Les Halles. But in the case of this area of activity and function that is the result of history.



Since long time ago Paris city citizen have known les halles as the trade and services center. This function even has already existed since the seventeen century when napoleon bonaparte ordered the construction of a large hall as a meeting point location. So then the government developed ten baltard as the trade and services location. Until in 1971 the tenth baltard has to be torned down because of the existence of traditional markets that is no longer considered to be accordance with the development of cities.

The trade, services activity and function are being stopped for eight years as a result of the destruction of the market. Then in 1979 the government of Paris has the initiative to build shopping center with futuristic architecture named forum des halles. Trade and services has been growing since that time until now. So that intermodal movements in les halles is just supporting the accessibility to this location. While the functions and the activity of this place is not derived from the movement of intermoda but it was a result of the history of the area in which are already known by the Paris citizen.