SPACES : Les Halles and Beaubourg

Forum Des Halles, St. Eustache, Bourse de Commerce, and the Center George Pompidou are some interesting landmarks that we can find in the two regions. An interesting and unique architecture became an attraction that distinguishes this region with other areas in Paris. A merger between medieval architecture with the modern architecture of the Forum Des Halles and the Pompidou Center George bring different colors for this area.

Forum des Halles and the Pompidou Center George is also one of nodes or a meeting point in the region besides Fountain Des Innocent and Chatelet-Les Halles which is below ground level. The four locations are the places where it can be found a variety of community activities and the central of the people movement. As the Beaubourg, Les Halles and the two regions is quite different where Les Halles are more likely on trade and services while the Beaubourg more heading into open space and art purpose. But as already mentioned earlier, both areas are difficult to split apart not only because of its proximity but also because of the interconnectedness of history and activity.

The Boulevard de Sébastopol is the border that split both areas visually. It is one of the main streets of Paris which was not closed by the City Government of Paris and still allows motor vehicle for passing by. Zebra cross location is used to provide for the people that want to move towards the two region. While the two main roads that connects directly between the Beaubourg and Les Halles is the Berger and Rambuteau street which can also be categorized as a path.

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Wide pedestrian ways provided for pedestrians in those two regions. Some roads are deliberately closed to increase the comfort of people activity. The shops along the pedestrian with the addition of the typical architecture of Paris add to the visual pleasure of walking. Unfortunately this comfort is slightly disturbed when there is a lot of dung found in some parts of the road. Paris community habit of bringing a pet walking is a major cause of this discomfort.

As the location of open space and community gathering makes some additional facilities tried to add by the local government including chairs, garden lightning, unique iron gates as well as several fountains and sculptures. Unfortunately most of the aesthetics of the park was under renovation when the research was conducted. Some of the old buildings are maintained as an effort to increase the aesthetic visual. Unfortunately not many of Paris citizren do some activities around Bourse de Commerce and St. Eustache. Lack of caring and promotion also makes these two beautiful buildings less well known among tourists. Lack of concern from the community and the local government in cleaning matter become the weakness of the area aesthetic. If this weakness can be overcome by a variety of new innovation surely Les Halles may be a convenient location for the public good to just hanging out or shopping.


People space

In this earth everyone need spaces, working space, eating space, sleeping space, and other need. More space means freedom, freedom to express and feels. There are two kinds of spaces in this world, individual space and public space. Individual space is a private space for people to express themselves with their own rules and limitation, and public space is a place where everyone could come and use it for any kind of activities but still have to considering rules and social limitation. Our own room and houses are the example of individual spaces. City plaza, garden, pedestrian ways and streets are the example of public spaces that built for everyone.

Gil Penelosa once said that one of the biggest public spaces is streets which mean everyone has the same right in the street. Rich, poor, farmer, president, and student, all of them have the same right and opportunity to use it and shares it. In the past street was made to occupied people mobility to move from one place to another by walking, cycling, and horsing, but today basically street is the home of millions cars and motorcycles. Bigger the street made, bigger the number of cars found. People with cars and motorcycle occupied all street spaces only for them. Street vendors occupied pedestrian ways for trading activities. There are not enough spaces for people to walk and cycling just like what our grandfather did. So when the street is too much filled with cars and motorcycle, the poor access to the road become less especially when they could not access cheap transportation.  This condition also harming our environment and earth so much, but many people did not realize or maybe tend to ignore it.

Here in every city in the world we can see that we need something to change for the future generation. Because cars and motorcycle are not only affected our environment but also people mindset and behavior which become the biggest challenge for every party that working hard on introducing sustainable transportation now. Including Mayor of Suwon City, Mr Yeom Tae-Young, he as the mayor where ecomobilty congress takes place have to work harder to convince the citizen to participate as the first ecomobility village in the world. People did not want to change! They were too comfortable lived with their cars.


Not only Suwon City that located in the develop country South Korea facing social behavior as the main challenge, Indonesia and other developing country found it as a bigger challenge. Why? Because people behavior in this country cannot be solved easily, this problem emerges as the result of trust problem. Trust towards the government, trust towards the planning decision, trust toward everything especially related with government performance and finance. But whether this issue emerges or not most cities in the world have to change! People have to start sharing, sharing street and pedestrian ways for walking and cycling because street is not an individual spaces, it is a public spaces. People need to change their point of view that cars and motorcycles are not as healthy as walking and cycling. People need to understand that our earth is old enough to take care of us. It is the time for us to take a good care of our mother earth and giving back its strength to once again give us a healthy and livable environment.

Amsterdam had already started it long time ago in the 70’s, Suwon, Kyoto, Changwon, Paris, Freiburg, Lagos Moreno, and Kaohsiung city had started to change today. What about Jakarta? Manila? Nairobi? We can start it now! What we need are commitment and willingness of people and government as the main actor of urban planning.