Kevin Lynch (1960) said that the physical spaces of the city created an image and characteristic of the city itself, this physical characteristic could divide into five category that consist of path, edge, nodes, district, and landmark.

A district could create a social space function, social space in a certain city usually seen as an open space like garden that could gives activity spaces for citizen. The activities could be many things that related to human interaction. But social spaces for urban people is not always in the form of garden, it could be another function such as commercial, religious activity, education, and many more. A city with many characteristics formed a lifestyle and its citizen personalities. So that, a city has to be creates well in contribution of better lifestyle changes (Wirth, 1938).

Public space is an area that gives interaction places. Street, garden, plaza, and open space could give shapes in community lifestyle (Carr, 1992). Providing this kind of spaces in the peoples social live will bring satisfaction and happiness.


Urbanism as a way of life, Wirth (1938). The American Journal of Sociology, Vol.44, No 1, (JUL. 1938), pp 1-24

The Image of The City, Kevin Lynch (1960)

Carr, Stephen.1992. Public Space. Cambridge University Press : United States of America.

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SUWON ECOMOBILITY VILLAGE: Let’s start to change!


Suwon ecomobolity village are great innovation to introduce ecomobillity towards people. The street is walk able and comfortable with many restaurant and cafe around. Although it seems to be lack of greeneries, the weather is quite hot in the summer and greeneries will help this condition.  By new walk able street people in Haenggung dong village are encourage to leave their cars behind and start to ecomobile and enjoying the live and feel of their own village.

Suwon Mayor is working hard in this project, much demonstration happened during the construction stage. People objection are so high, some restaurant and cafe owner are protested and old people feel uncomfortable with noise and dust from the construction. A grandfather died because asthma while the construction held, in fact the families blamed construction dust as the main problem. Demonstration happened saying that “ecomobility had killed someone” it must be stopped!

Now in Haenggung dong many people started to believe and feel comfortable with the less cars condition. But the mayor has to step back a bit to fulfill the people ultimatum to let the car move in again a week after the opening day.  Although some challenge still remains unsolved the mayor has doing the best he can do to give an example and impulse to the ecomobility development.  The commitment towards ecomobilty encourages Suwon City to give bigger incentives to the people so that the ecomobility message could be heard. Did it already hear? No not yet, a bigger effort is still needed to reach sustainability. And for almost 30 years ecomobility being develop Indonesia, Philippines, and some others developing countries are still wondering when? How? And who? Would do the first step towards ecomobility. We have leave those question behind and started to planned and change it immediately if we would like to secure the future generation condition.





Mayor’s highlight: Participation is a must


Participation is a familiar world to say today in urban planning study and program. Why is it popular? Because many experts believe that participation is the main key of success especially in Planning. Planning is aiming for public domain like Friedman said and done for a better condition in the future. So when those words combined it mean planning is for people, everything to do in planning basically has to be able to occupied people needs.

Participation word can also be found in ecomobility perspective which related to social behavior and willingness. Just like what Lagos Moreno mayors Mr Hugo Ruiz said in the Suwon Ecomobility Congress 2013 that ecomobility related with city planning have to be “people proposal” not “government proposal”. Here people contribution is essential because acceptance is the important word in implementation stage (Haag, 2013) and also to reach sustainability. Kyoto’s Mayor Mr Daisaku Kadokawa also stated that government and the people have to hand in hand to meet a better future condition by ecomobility. Why ecomobility need people? Because ecomobility is everyone rights, its human rights.


Here in Suwon, the host of ecomobility festival, the mayor Mr Tae-Young Yeom encourages haenggung dong people to take big part in this ecomobility program. They working together to move private motorize vehicle aside and started to use non-motorized transportation, which is a great example of partnership. Suwon has try to improve their cities step by step, in fact before Suwon there is some others cities in the world working in the same goals, ecomobility for a better living. Kyoto in Japan, Freiburg in Germany, Kaohsiung in China, and some others cities in Asia, Europe and America are in stated of improvement and development, and hopefully many others cities in the world could follow their effort on encourage people to participate on the planning, so that they could understand and implement ecomobility.

Participation always need trust, people trust have to be gained by the government to be able to reach their goals and objectives. In fact if we see in developing countries corruption still remains to be the first challenge in gaining trust. Indonesia is one of bad cases of trust issues, because it was one of the most corrupted countries in Asia. People trust are low, they don’t believe to the government program and planning. How come? Because many planning in Indonesia are lack of implementation, besides sometimes it pushes aside the people aspiration. They have failed to reach the people heart, failed to gain people trust and rebuilt governance system and condition are the answer of increasing people trust.

People space

In this earth everyone need spaces, working space, eating space, sleeping space, and other need. More space means freedom, freedom to express and feels. There are two kinds of spaces in this world, individual space and public space. Individual space is a private space for people to express themselves with their own rules and limitation, and public space is a place where everyone could come and use it for any kind of activities but still have to considering rules and social limitation. Our own room and houses are the example of individual spaces. City plaza, garden, pedestrian ways and streets are the example of public spaces that built for everyone.

Gil Penelosa once said that one of the biggest public spaces is streets which mean everyone has the same right in the street. Rich, poor, farmer, president, and student, all of them have the same right and opportunity to use it and shares it. In the past street was made to occupied people mobility to move from one place to another by walking, cycling, and horsing, but today basically street is the home of millions cars and motorcycles. Bigger the street made, bigger the number of cars found. People with cars and motorcycle occupied all street spaces only for them. Street vendors occupied pedestrian ways for trading activities. There are not enough spaces for people to walk and cycling just like what our grandfather did. So when the street is too much filled with cars and motorcycle, the poor access to the road become less especially when they could not access cheap transportation.  This condition also harming our environment and earth so much, but many people did not realize or maybe tend to ignore it.

Here in every city in the world we can see that we need something to change for the future generation. Because cars and motorcycle are not only affected our environment but also people mindset and behavior which become the biggest challenge for every party that working hard on introducing sustainable transportation now. Including Mayor of Suwon City, Mr Yeom Tae-Young, he as the mayor where ecomobilty congress takes place have to work harder to convince the citizen to participate as the first ecomobility village in the world. People did not want to change! They were too comfortable lived with their cars.


Not only Suwon City that located in the develop country South Korea facing social behavior as the main challenge, Indonesia and other developing country found it as a bigger challenge. Why? Because people behavior in this country cannot be solved easily, this problem emerges as the result of trust problem. Trust towards the government, trust towards the planning decision, trust toward everything especially related with government performance and finance. But whether this issue emerges or not most cities in the world have to change! People have to start sharing, sharing street and pedestrian ways for walking and cycling because street is not an individual spaces, it is a public spaces. People need to change their point of view that cars and motorcycles are not as healthy as walking and cycling. People need to understand that our earth is old enough to take care of us. It is the time for us to take a good care of our mother earth and giving back its strength to once again give us a healthy and livable environment.

Amsterdam had already started it long time ago in the 70’s, Suwon, Kyoto, Changwon, Paris, Freiburg, Lagos Moreno, and Kaohsiung city had started to change today. What about Jakarta? Manila? Nairobi? We can start it now! What we need are commitment and willingness of people and government as the main actor of urban planning.