STREET, PEOPLE SPACE OR MOTORIZE VEHICLE SPACE?

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Because Street is the biggest public space but cars and motorbikes has been occupying people space.

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Bersepeda dengan Velib

Kota Paris di Perancis mulai melirik penggunaan sepeda sebagai solusi permasalahan lalu lintas pada tahun 2007. Kota ini memulainya dengan melakukan kampanye penggunaan sepeda berjudul ‘vélo libre’ yang berarti bersepeda gratis. Pemerintah Paris menyediakan ribuan sepeda untuk disewakan kepada masyarakat. Sepeda ini tersedia di 750 titik berjarak 300 meter. Setiap penduduk berusia lebih dari 14 tahun dapat menyewa sepeda ini selama 24 jam, penyewa haruslah membayar deposit sebesar 150 euro sebagai bentuk jaminan.

Program ini cukup berhasil di Paris terlihat dari banyaknya peminat serta pengguna fasilitas ini. Tercatat pada juli 2007 terdapat empat juta pengguna serta tujuh juta kilometer perjalanan di sekitar Kota Paris. Setiap hari sebanyak 50 hingga 70.000 sepeda disewakan. Dengan keberhasilan ini pemerintah Paris merencanakan penambahan titik persewaan menjadi 1451 titik di Kota Paris. Penyewaan sepeda ini juga diperuntukkan bagi para wisatawan yang berkunjung ke Kota Paris.

Pada awalnya velib merupakan sebuah upaya untuk mengkampanyekan penggunaan sepeda sebagai salah satu pilihan transportasi. Namun sekarang, velib telah tersebar hampir di seluruh sudut Kota Paris. Sepeda ini memiliki sistem penggunaan yang unik dimana masyarakat dapat menggunakan sepeda untuk mencapai tempat tujuan. Sepeda ini disewakan untuk seluruh masyarakat yang memiliki kartu transportasi navigo atau imaginer dan juga kartu bank. Masyarakat memiliki waktu penggunaan gratis selama 30 menit, penggunaan lebih dari 30 menit diwajibkan untuk membayar. Setelah penggunaan selesai velib harus dikembalikan pada titik-titik yang telah disediakan. Apabila velib tidak dikembalikan maka pengguna akan mendapatkan denda sebesar harga sepeda yang digunakan.

Penggunaan velib sekarang ini telah menjadi salah satu pilihan masyarakat. Namun sayangnya velib masih memiliki beberapa kelemahan yang sebaiknya diperbaiki, diantaranya adalah kurangnya perawatan pada sepeda yang disewakan. Kondisi beberapa sepeda velib telah mengalami kerusakan sehingga kurang nyaman apabila digunakan. Umumnya kerusakan terjadi pada kursi tempat duduk dan setir kemudi.

Kurangnya pengetahuan letak-letak titik pengembalian sepeda menjadi kendala tersendiri. Letaknya yang tersebar di titik-titik tertentu membuat masayrakat yang tidak sering menggunakan velib kesulitan dalam menentukan lama tempuh serta lokasi yang akan dituju. Lama tempuh amat mempengaruhi biaya perjalanan yang akan dikeluarkan oleh pengguna untuk itu hal ini merupakan point krusial yang harus diperhitungkan. Signase berupa peta akan sangat amat membantu, namun sayangnya belum terdapat signase peta untuk velib.

Jalur sepeda di Paris juga tidak merata di seluruh penjuru kota, hanya terdapat pada jalan-jalan tertentu saja. Akibatknya banyak pengguna sepeda harus berbagi tempat dengan para pejalan kaki. Kurangnya kehati-hatian ketika mengendarai sepeda dapat beresiko bagi penggunanya. Penggunaan velib juga tidak aksesibel bagi wisatawan yang datang. Layanan ini hanya bisa digunakan ketika memiliki kartu bank setempat, sedangkan kebanyakan wisatawan tentunya tidak memiliki hal tersebut. Wisatawan juga tidak memiliki kartu transportasi navigo ataupun imaginer sehingga cukup menyulitkan. Velib sebenarnya dapat dikebangkan menjadi salah satu wisata yang menarik di Paris. Bersepeda mengelilingi kota akan memberikan kenikmatan tersendiri. Namun belum ada pengembangan menuju ke arah wisata.

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Sumber:

http://www.eltis.org

TA Ratna Kusumaningrum, URP UNDIP 2012

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V%C3%A9lib%27

Bike Track, Sustainable Transportation Concept

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Mobility or movement is one of the biggest challenges that faces by many cities in the world. A city must able to provide efficient public services so that the society could comfortably enjoy the city by working, shopping, or travelling (Rubini, 2010). In line with the rapid movement development of the urban people, the business of providing the new transportation innovation to support the mobility grows fast. Transportation mode provider now becomes one of the most interesting and beneficial business. Efficiency and affectivity is the main concern of the modern people especially related with time and money. Indeed, transportation gives big contributions on the city development especially in economic, but in environmental aspect transportation more gives negatives impact. Environmental degradation and global warning are the main issues that caused by air pollution.

Sustainable transportation could be one of the most suitable solutions on the effort process to tackle environmental degradation in general and reducing the use of private car especially. Sustainable transportation suggested using public transport as the main choices for people to support their activities. Public transport development could be integrated with the use of non-motorize transportation such as bicycle. Bicycle as eco friendly transportation could use as a feeder from the origin location like house to the closest public transport shelters.

Here is some example of bicycle track around the world:

Semarang City, Indonesia

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Surakarta City, Indonesia

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Paris, France

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Amsterdam, Holland

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geneva, switzerland

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SUWON ECOMOBILITY VILLAGE: Let’s start to change!

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Suwon ecomobolity village are great innovation to introduce ecomobillity towards people. The street is walk able and comfortable with many restaurant and cafe around. Although it seems to be lack of greeneries, the weather is quite hot in the summer and greeneries will help this condition.  By new walk able street people in Haenggung dong village are encourage to leave their cars behind and start to ecomobile and enjoying the live and feel of their own village.

Suwon Mayor is working hard in this project, much demonstration happened during the construction stage. People objection are so high, some restaurant and cafe owner are protested and old people feel uncomfortable with noise and dust from the construction. A grandfather died because asthma while the construction held, in fact the families blamed construction dust as the main problem. Demonstration happened saying that “ecomobility had killed someone” it must be stopped!

Now in Haenggung dong many people started to believe and feel comfortable with the less cars condition. But the mayor has to step back a bit to fulfill the people ultimatum to let the car move in again a week after the opening day.  Although some challenge still remains unsolved the mayor has doing the best he can do to give an example and impulse to the ecomobility development.  The commitment towards ecomobilty encourages Suwon City to give bigger incentives to the people so that the ecomobility message could be heard. Did it already hear? No not yet, a bigger effort is still needed to reach sustainability. And for almost 30 years ecomobility being develop Indonesia, Philippines, and some others developing countries are still wondering when? How? And who? Would do the first step towards ecomobility. We have leave those question behind and started to planned and change it immediately if we would like to secure the future generation condition.

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Paris Les Halles and Transportation

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Les Halles was the location of the center city transport that provides more than five train lines. The number of lines that provided brings Chatelet-Les Halles became the busiest station in Paris. The station is most crowded during the times of departure and got off work at 08.00-10.00 and 16.00-19.00. During this hour many people moving together toward each destination.

These movements bring a huge impact on the development of the surrounding area, supported with the existence of a various facilities that are provided for the Paris citizen. These facilities include large shopping mall named Forum Des Halles, city parks, as well as pedestrian ways are equipped with an extensive range of shops with typical Parisian architecture of the middle ages. The existence of these facilities form the function tends towards trade and services. As well as the main activities that dominated by trading activity and recreation.

The movement is an important element in the development of a particular area especially for trade services. A large movement towards the location indicates the area accessibility and Les Halles is one of the locations in Paris that have a high level of accessibility, not only for private car but also the accessibility of vehicle access from public transport in the presence of Chatelet-Les Halles. But in the case of this area of activity and function that is the result of history.

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Since long time ago Paris city citizen have known les halles as the trade and services center. This function even has already existed since the seventeen century when napoleon bonaparte ordered the construction of a large hall as a meeting point location. So then the government developed ten baltard as the trade and services location. Until in 1971 the tenth baltard has to be torned down because of the existence of traditional markets that is no longer considered to be accordance with the development of cities.

The trade, services activity and function are being stopped for eight years as a result of the destruction of the market. Then in 1979 the government of Paris has the initiative to build shopping center with futuristic architecture named forum des halles. Trade and services has been growing since that time until now. So that intermodal movements in les halles is just supporting the accessibility to this location. While the functions and the activity of this place is not derived from the movement of intermoda but it was a result of the history of the area in which are already known by the Paris citizen.